RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
CEMAC and her post-graduate students together with collaborators, will continue to conduct research in sustainable development, renewable energy, environmental waste management, reduction/recycling, disaster risk reduction, chemical security management and environmental management. To accomplish these goals, the center has continued to establish and expand local and international collaborative linkages with organisations to provide high quality post graduate education in pure applied environmental sciences, interdisciplinary environmental topics and policies, all geared towards sustainable development.
RESEARCH THEMATIC AREAS
The overall goal of the Center for Environmental Management and Control is to provide specialized education and research skills in solving contemporary environmental challenges. The center collaborates with national and international stakeholders in elucidating solutions to environmental challenges, sustainable resource management and contributing solutions to global environmental issues. The center will continue aggressive pursuit of external support to enhance programs in research, education, capacity building, and service.
The Center currently has the following postgraduate programmes:
(1) Sustainability Management
(2) Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
(3) Chemical Security Management
(4) Environmental Risk Assessment
(5) Environmental Remediation
CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL [CEMAC]
The Centre for Environmental Management and Control offers Postgraduate Programmes leading to Postgraduate Diploma (PGD), Master of Science (M.Sc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D]) degrees in Environmental Management & Control, disaster risk management (DRM) and Chemical Security Management.
The philosophical basis upon which CEMAC was founded is simply the development of a sustainable multi-disciplinary reservoir of knowledge and skills for appropriate responses to the environmental challenges of the 21 st century while maintaining strong international collaborations.
The objectives of the above postgraduate programmes are to:
- produce PGD graduates with strong foundation for developing a strong career in environmental management and control
- foster and enhance multi-disciplinary research and field studies on environmental issues that are socially relevant and people focused;
- produce M.Sc and Ph.D graduates with a high level of multi-disciplinary environmental
problem-solving perspective necessary to bring innovative solutions to environmental problems at local, state, federal and international levels;
- produce highly skilled manpower that are able to overcome a broad spectrum of
challenges in the areas of environmental management and control;
- facilitate and encourage collaborative studies between students of the centre and other national and international research institutions and organizations.
The areas of specialization available in the CENTRE are: climate change, environmental risk assessment and remediation, waste management, environmental economics & policy and disaster risk management. The two broad areas in which students may pursue their studies under environmental management & Control are: environmental management and environmental pollution control. Students with strong background in chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, engineering etc are more likely to be suited for environmental pollution control whereas students with strong background in therelevant social sciences may be suited for environmental management. To this end, students wishing to pursue their studies in the area of environmental management may not be required to take such courses as environmental risk assessment and remediation.
The following may qualify for admission:
1. Postgraduate Diploma Programme [PGD] in Environmental Management & Control and Disaster Risk Management
a. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities who have obtained a
bachelors degree with a minimum of third class honours.
b. Holders of Higher National Diploma [HND] from recognized institutions, with a minimum of upper level credit or its equivalent in relevant areas.
c. Must have obtained a minimum of credit passes in English language and Mathematics at O’ level among the five subjects passed with credit grades
2. Master of Science (M.Sc.) Environmental Management & Control
a. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities who have obtained the approved degree, with a minimum of second class honours lower division or its equivalent in the relevant disciplines [Biological Sciences, Physical sciences (chemistry, physics and geology), Agriculture (agric economics, soil science, crop science), Social sciences (economics and geography), Environmental Studies, Engineering (chemical, civil and mechanical engineering)].
b. Candidates with university honours degree who also hold the PGD in Environmental
Management and Control of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities with a
minimum GPA of 3.5 on a 5 – point scale [or 3.00 on a 4-point scale].
c. Must have obtained a minimum of credit passes in English language and Mathematics at O’ level among the five subjects passed with credit grades
3. Master of Science Disaster Risk Management (MDRM)
a. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities who have obtained an approved bachelors degree with a minimum of second-class honours or its equivalent in any of the relevant disciplines
b. Candidates with university honours degree who also hold the PGD in Disaster Risk Management
or Environmental Management and Control, or equivalent qualifications, of the University ofNigeria or other recognized universities with a minimum GPA of 3.5 on a 5 point scale or 3.00 on
a 4 point scale.
c. Candidates who possess HND in related disciplines with at least a credit level pass from
recognized institutions and at least a credit pass in Postgraduate Diploma in Disaster Risk
Management or Environmental Management and Control of the University of Nigeria in the
d. Must have obtained a minimum of credit passes in English language and Mathematics at O’ level
among the five subjects passed with credit grades.
4. M.Sc./Ph.D in Environmental Management and Control
Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities who have obtained the
degree of M.Sc. in Environmental Management and Control or its equivalent through
comprehensive course work and whose GPA is at least 3.50 on a 5-point scale or 3.00 on a 4-
point scale. The candidate so admitted will be required to write an examinable dissertation
during the first semesters of his/her study and obtain at least a grade of “B” before proceeding to the Ph.D programme.
5. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Environmental Management and Control
Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized universities who have obtained the
degree of M.Sc. in Environmental Management and Control or its equivalent with a minimum
mode of study of 2/3 by research and 1/3 by course work.
A minimum GPA of 3.50 on a 5-point scale or 3.00 on a 4-point scale is required.
MODE OF STUDY
1. Postgraduate Diploma
The Postgraduate Diploma is for graduates of the University of Nigeria and other recognized universities whose qualifications are at variance with the entry qualifications for master’s degree work. The mode of study is by course work to be examined in written papers and project work embodied in a project report assessed solely by the supervisor.
DURATION OF STUDY
PGD – Full time – 2 semesters minimum and
4 semesters maximum.
Part time – 4 semesters minimum and
6 semesters maximum
2. M.Sc Programme in Environmental Management and Control
The M.Sc. programme of the Centre for Environmental Management and Control is structured to accommodate one option: the project report option.
The Project Report Option
The mode of study is by course work and research, with course work predominating over research. This option has a minimum mode of study of 2/3 by course work and 1/3 by research. The examination consists of a Project Report which does not need to be defended orally before an external examiner.
DURATION OF STUDY
M.Sc – Full time – 12 Calendar months minimum
3 Calendar years maximum
Part time – 18 Calendar months minimum
5 Calendar years maximum
3. Ph.D Programme in Environmental Management and Control
This is a Ph.D programme with course work, where there is a preponderance of research over course work. The programme culminates in the submission of a Thesis which must be judged to make an original contribution to knowledge and also publishable. To this end, the candidate is required to publish at least one journal article in an impact factor journal indexed by Thompson Reuters.
The Academic Board of CEMAC requires that candidates must perform satisfactorily in two seminars before they can be certified ready for the Ph.D defence.
M.Sc/Ph.D Full time – 3 Calendar years minimum
5 Calendar years maximum
Part time – 4 Calendar years minimum
6 Calendar years maximum
Full time – 2 Calendar years minimum
5 Calendar years maximum
Part time – 3 Calendar years minimum
6 Calendar years maximum
COURSES AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION
PGD PROGRAMME IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT & CONTROL
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 511||Introduction to Environmental Science||2|
|EMC 513||Introduction to Built Environment||2|
|EMC 521||Introduction to Environmental Hazards and Control||2|
|EMC 531||Introduction to Environmental Law||2|
|EMC 551||Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment||2|
Electives of 4 Units from the following courses:
EMC 515 Water Resources in Environmental Management 2
EMC 517 Physical Facilities and Environmental Management 2
EMC 519 Management of Marine and Coastal Environments 2
EMC 523 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry and Biology 2
EMC 525 Air and Water Quality Standards 2
EMC 527 Global Environmental Changes 2
EMC 533 Population and the Environment 2
EMC 535 Recreation, Tourism and Resource Management 2
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 512||Environmental Management and Regional Development||2|
|EMC 514||Introduction to Land Resource Management||2|
|EMC 542||Research Methods and Computer Applications||2|
|EMC 562||Introduction to Geographic Information Systems [GIS]||2|
Elective of 2 Units from the following courses:
EMC 516 Energy and the Environment 2
EMC 518 Environmental Management and the Ecosystem 2
EMC 522 Environmental Conservation and Preservation 2
EMC 524 Waste Water Treatment 2
EMC 526 Introduction to Environmental Pollution 2
EMC 528 Introduction to Environmental Psychology 2
EMC 532 Human settlements and the Environment 2
EMC 534 Sustainable Development and the Environment 2
EMC 536 Health and Safety Management 2
EMC 511: Introduction to Environmental Science
Introduction to environmental sciences; the concept of the ecology; ecosystems and their relevance to the environment; resources, human settlement, development and the environment/sustainable development; interplay of ecological and economic theories. The relationship between disciplines in environmental studies; Study and analysis of human settlements as ecosystems; the relevance of environmental management to the physical environment.
EMC 512: Environmental Management and Regional Development
Basic principles of regional science; concepts of region; theories and processes of regional development; regional imbalance, location theory, export multiplier and location quotient; human resources; regional infrastructure and potentials; strategies for regional development planning, regional development planning problems in Nigeria; regional planning as a link between national planning and local planning. Case studies and application of regional planning theories to existing situations. Comparison of regional planning schemes in Nigeria and selected African and developed countries.
EMC 513: Introduction to Built Environment
Definitions of the environment, man-made environments; built environment; structures, infra-structure, and their surroundings; sustainable practice in built environment.
EMC 514: Introduction to Land Resources Management
Meaning of land in social, agricultural, economic and legal theories; demand and supply of land; land resources in Nigeria; land use and the Nigerian economy; competitive and complementary land uses; conflict and incompatibility; land use economics; land tenure and communication on the use of land; rural and urban land uses and allocation; concepts of property rights; land resources exploitation- renewable and non-renewable, concepts of land development; redevelopment and sustainability; Environmental pollution and land degradation; land conservation.
EMC 515: Water Resources in Environmental Management
Water Resources (Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water), Global water distribution; the hydrologic cycle; concept of water balance; Occurrence and movement of groundwater; Water act (prevention and control of pollution) Water related environmental problems (floods, drought, conflicts over water). Water conservation; (rain water harvesting, watershed Management).
EMC 516: Energy and the Environment
Introduction to energy; energy flow and conservation; Heat Energy and Kinetic theory, Energy and Climate change, Energy Sources-renewable and non-renewable energy (electricity generation and transmission, thermal aspects of energy generation), solar energy and other alternative energy resources; health and environmental impact of energy use.
EMC 517: Physical Facilities and Environmental Management
Space planning; the link between site and services, site services and town planning, cadastral services, street and parking services, mapping and marketing of sites; life cycle costing of environmental infrastructure, environmental asset management and tracking; Computer-Aided Facility Management (CAF) systems and software.
EMC 518: Environmental Management and the Ecosystem
Introduction to a new approach to environmental management; the concept of ecosystem and
biodiversity; properties of ecosystem relevant to environmental management; the conceptual toolbox; ecosystem approach to environmental management; The biological and ecological background; The human dimensions
EMC 519: Management of Marine and Coastal Environments
Introduction to marine science; overview of the coastal environment; global climate and ocean systems; types and functions of coastal resources; coastal zone management framework; wetland and land usemanagement issues; coastal pollution; coastal tourism; international coastal management; sustainable use of the marine environment.
EMC 521: Introduction to Environmental Hazards and Control
Definitions and components of natural and man-made environments; pollution control measures; waste management and land use policy. Environmental hazards; causes and ecological consequences on the environment; the use of natural resources, e.g. water, air and land. Environmental planning problems and solutions.
EMC 522: Environmental Conservation and Preservation
Objectives of environmental conservation and preservation; biodiversity; ecological systems and their interrelationships; endangered species, and other consequences of rapid resource depletion. Techniques and procedure for environmental conservation and preservation; legal aspects of conservation and preservation. International co-operation and developments in conservation and preservation. Preservation of historic and man made features/land marks; energy conservation; conservation planning; resource conservation planning and management; forestry management; wildlife management; grass land management; swamp management.
EMC 523: Introduction to Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollution. Natural cycles of the environment: hydrological cycle, oxygen and nitrogen cycles. Air pollution and control: types, effects, monitoring and control. Global issues in air pollution: green house effect, depletion of ozone layer, acid rain and climate change. Water pollution and control: types of pollutants, and their effects, entrophication, water and waste treatment, water chemistry and analysis. Land pollution and control: municipal, industrial, agricultural waste and disposal, effects of pesticides and fertilizers on soil.
EMC 524: Waste Treatment Management
Types of waste and effect on the environment; roles of the environmental factors; management of waste treatment; hierarchy of waste management; waste prevention and control; waste treatment units; types, physical, chemical and biological treatment processes; choice of treatment processes; space requirements; the concept of sustainable water management; optimization of waste treatment management.
EMC 525: Air and Water Quality Standards
Definitions of air and water quality; concepts and role of standardization; local and international standards organizations; air quality parameters and standards; water quality parameters and standards; standard test methods for air and water.
EMC 526: Introduction to Environmental Pollution
Environmental pollution; sources and types of pollution: Point sources and non-point sources of pollution; water, air, noise and thermal pollution; energy conservation and pollution/hazard; pollutants and their effects on the environment; the relationship between development, natural resources and the physical environment; issues in the management of the physical environment; strategies and procedures for effective environmental pollution control; case studies in environmental pollution control.
EMC 527: Introduction to climate Change
Definition and Components of Climate; Climate change; Causes of climate change; Impact/effect of climate change; management option of climate change: Adaptation Techniques as management option, Tree planting culture etc.
Nature of environmental system; concepts of system change; environmental change; physical and biological processes of environmental change; anthropogenic factors of environmental change; case studies.
EMC 528: Introduction to Environmental Psychology
Definition and history; territoriality, experimental studies of territories, personal space, privacy. Crowding and social interaction, consideration of social interactions in the design of buildings and institutions; cross-cultural comparison of dwellings in Nigeria; physical and human factors contributing to accidents; accident reduction in the environment; spatial aspects of sports and recreation.
EMC 531: Introduction to Environmental Law
Definition of environmental law; need for environmental law, values and environmental law; interaction between values and law; law and balancing environmental values; perspectives on environmental law: economic, social, cultural and scientific perspectives; Legal implications of environmental principles; sustainable development; depletion of ozone layer, global warming and climate change; organic laws; major environmental laws; judicial decisions; nuisance, negligence; trespass; rule in Ryland and Fletcher.
EMC 532: Human Settlements and the Environment
Evolution of human settlements; physical and socio-economic element of human; settlement; land tenure and uses for residential, commercial, agricultural, institutional and transportation purposes; relationship between the natural and man-made environments; environment, ecology and management.
EMC 533: Population and the Environment
Population and quality of natural environment; concept of sustainable environment; impact of population growth on land and sea resources; population, air pollution and climate change; relationship between population, consumption, and resource distributions; consumption and resource distribution; population, environment and energy; population and urbanization
EMC 534: Sustainable Development and the Environment
Sustainable development and the triple bottom line; major socio-economic trends and global
environmental problems; global economic inter-dependence, inequality and the environment; critical analysis of development paradigms and strategies; their environmental consequences; history of ideas and initiatives in sustainable development; basic concepts of environmental philosophy, economics and politics; contemporary patterns of production and consumption; urbanization, industrialization and sustainability; obstacles and opportunities for sustainable development. The Habitat Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Local Sustainable Development Programmes (SDP) e.g Ibadan and Enugu SDPs.
EMC 535: Introduction to Recreation, Tourism and Resource Management
Definition of recreation; supply and demand for recreational resources; recreational planning standards and strategies; indoor and outdoor recreation; local and national parks; countryside and forest recreational resource development; management of recreational resources. Definition of tourism; tourism and regional/national development; elements of tourism; potential and functional tourism resources in Nigeria; development, management and organization of tourism; development of tourist resort centres; design and implementation considerations.
EMC 536: Health and Safety Management
Principles and impact of various sanitation processes in improving both rural and urban air and water quality; environmental impact assessment/analysis; industrial hygiene and toxicology; impact of industrial and agricultural exposures on health; principles of control of environmental hazards at work places; principles of ergonomics.EMC 542: Research Methods and Computer Applications Basic research methods: (Introduction to types of Research design) data collection and collation; populations and samples, measures of central tendencies, variance and standard deviations, hypothesis testing (finding the p-value and confidence interval); introduction to univariate and multivariate statistical techniques in environmental management; common distributions and their uses, computer applications in research; introduction and overview of statistical packages (e.g. SPSS); introduction to research paper writing tips.
EMC 544: Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Definition of Geographic Information System (GIS); basic concepts; data: spatial data, attribute data. History of GIS operations; basic concept of space; GIS data models: vector data model and raster data model. Data management: vector data input, spatial data editing, attribute data input and management. GIS applications.
EMC 551: Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment
Definition of environmental impact assessment (EIA); history of EIA; the 1992 EIA act and the overarching objectives; the nexus between EIA and sustainable development; the EIA process and stakeholders participation; the EIA draft and final reports; environmental impact statement (EIS).
EMC 562: Project
A student is required to write a well researched project under the supervision of a supervisor. Choice of topic will also be guided by the supervisor.
PGD PROGRAMME IN DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT
|S.N||Course Code||Course Title||Units|
|1||DRM 511||Concepts and Typologies of Disaster||2|
|2||DRM 512||Disaster Planning and Management||2|
|3||DRM 513||Hazard, Risk and Disaster Damage Assessments||2|
|5||DRM 515||Fire Prevention and control||2|
|6||DRM 516||Disaster Victim management||2|
|7||DRM 517||Disaster Rescue operations||2|
|8||DRM 518||Hydro- Metrological Disasters||2|
DRM 511: Concepts and Typologies of Disaster
This course introduces the students to concepts and terminologies in disaster studies. The
contents include: definition and types of disasters – natural disasters, including broad outlines
regarding natural disasters such as; earthquake, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides, avalanches, tsunamis, cyclone, climatic change, drought and epidemics. Man-made Disasters;
including war, Industrial accidents, soil degradation, desertification, deforestation, depletion of
water resources, destruction of ecological system, landslides, fire, oil spill, breakdown of
essential services etc. Causes of extreme natural events including natural and man-made hazards and disasters; Causes and effects of various disasters such as mass movements, desertification, cyclones, floods, fire and droughts etc; Concept of hazard, risk, emergency, preparedness, resilience andvulnerability.
DRM 512 Disaster Planning and Management
This introduces the students to the basic concept of disaster planning and management;
prevention, mitigation, preparedness, disaster impact, response, recovery and development.
Significance of disaster planning and management; Modern challenges in disaster management:traditional versus disaster threats;. Major requirements for coping with disasters:
organization, planning, utilization of resources, specialist skills and training needs;
Disaster managementcycle, Main activities links between hazards mitigation and
sustainable development. Disaster Appreciations based on Mock drill exercises
undertaken in collaboration with specialized agencies like Nigerian Army, Fire Service
Department and otherfunctionaries.
DRM 513: Hazard, Risk and Disaster Damage Assessment
Hazard and Risk Identification and management, Risk assessment; Hazard vulnerability
analysis and evaluation, environmental parameters influencing risk; risk mitigation
strategies, Disaster monitoring; Disaster damage and loss assessment.
DRM 514: Seminar
This course is to develop students’ writing skill and prepare them for final year project
research. Every student shall work on and present a power point seminar on any disaster
related subject under the guidance of the course tutor. The Seminar will be presented
before a jury – the staff and students of the Centre.
DRM 515: Fire prevention and control
This course focuses on fire disaster management. The contents include: Definition of fire;
Principles of prevention, control and detection; Causes of fires, types of fires; forest and
rangeland fires, domestic fires; Fire safety and prevention methods; Methods of
detection, control and extinguishments of fire; Damages caused by fire; Types of fire
fighting equipment; Fire drill demonstration.
DRM 516: Disaster Victims Management
Disaster victims identification; Emergency needs – transportation, shelter, communication and supplies; relief mobilization and distribution; Problems of refugee; right of a refugee; refugee care and management; Care for the most vulnerable group – women, children, the aged and persons with disabilities; rehabilitation needs of disaster victims.
DRM 517: Disaster rescue operations
Types of rescue operation, organizing search and rescue operations, formation of emergency response team (ERT), technologies for search and rescue operations; Organization, planning and equipment for disaster rescue; Functions of rescue team; First aid training; The Psychology of Rescue Team composition; The Rescue Plan; Equipment safety in training and
operations; Casualty handling
DRM 518: Hydro- Meterological Disasters
Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM): definition, Need for IWRM; Hydro-
Meterelogicaldisasters; Occurrence and Impacts of hydro disasters; Role of weather,
climate and environment in hydro disasters; Water related disasters (droughts, floods, landslides and other forms of hydro disasters); Causes of flooding disaster; Socio- economic impacts of flooding; Flood control and management techniques; Case studies
DRM 521: Disaster Economics
Economic and Social impacts of disaster; Risk management and planning; Disaster Risk
Management Process, Phases of disaster Risk Management; Risk transfer and finance;
Risk Reduction with sustainable livelihood; Measuring economic impacts of disaster;
Input- Output Analysis; Problems in assessment of economic impacts of disaster;
Mobilizing resources in disaster management. Macro economic impacts of disaster:
Impacts on GDP and interest rates; Impacts on prices, inflation and unemployment;
Benefit-cost Analysis of disaster recovery; Role of insurance and Micro credit in disaster
management; Resource need for disaster risk reduction, resource generation techniques –
budgetary allocations, levies and taxes, fund raising strategies; Resource tracking and
DRM 522: Research methods in Disasters Studies
Introduction to research methods; Types and sources of disaster data; Hazard and Disaster data acquisition techniques; Sample design and sampling procedures; Quantitative techniques for data analysis; Proposal development and report writing
DRM 523: Remote Sensing and GIS Applications in Disaster Management
This course will introduce the students to the basics of remote sensing (RS) and
Geographical information system (GIS); General principles and overview of RS and GIS;
GIS data sources; Electromagnetic Radiation, Interactions with the Atmosphere; Passive
and Active Remote Sensing; RS data and characteristics of Images; Visual interpretation, Digital processing; digitization of data, hazard identification and mapping, Risk Mapping; Use of remote sensing and GIS in natural disaster forecasting, early warning and management of extreme natural events; Assembling spatial information for disaster management and analysis. Case studies of hazards and application of RS and GIS.
DRM 524: Fieldwork
This course is intended to expose the Students to practical field exercise. The Students
will undertake a field trip to disaster prone areas and do a practical assessment of disaster
cases. A report of the fieldwork will be submitted and graded accordingly.
DRM 525: Disaster and Public Health Management
Introduction to public health; Scope and role of public health in DRR; Health intervention in disaster; Health aspects of disasters/major emergencies: post-disaster phase public health, disease surveillance during and after disaster; Health Education; Behavior Change communication; Hospital Casualty Management; Control of communicable disease, immunization and rehabilitation; Role of the Health department, Major public health challenges in disaster management in Nigeria.
DRM 526: Environmental Planning &Disaster Management Laws in Nigeria
Planning principles and design for disaster risk reduction; Use of development control for
disaster risk reduction; Land use and environmental bye laws for DRR; National building code; Principles and processes of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and disaster risk reduction; Disaster management legislations – NEMA’s Act, NESREA Decree, National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency Act of 2006, National Security and Civil Defense Corps Act, EIA Decree etc.; Roles of various laws in DRR and implementationproblems. Strategies for disaster law enforcement; Constraints and challenges of enforcing disaster related laws; Role of Human Rights/ Civil liberty organizations in Disaster Management, Humanitarian Laws, DRR Laws, International Laws etc.
DRM 527: Community Based Approaches to Disaster Risk Management
Perception and attitude of community to disasters; Community based approaches to disaster risk management and hazard mitigation; Community involvement towards prevention of disasters; Development of community based disaster risk management plans; Consideration of elements of social vulnerability parameters such as health, education, gender etc. in disaster risk management; Barriers to development of disaster risk management and adaptation plan- such as lack of information, communityparticipation, and linkages between local actions and national strategies, proper balance of trust in traditional knowledge and appropriate technology; Community based disaster relief systems; Involvement of communities in development of long term recovery and rehabilitation plans, their implementation and monitoring; The roles of NGOs\CBOs in Disaster management Case studies.
DRM 528: Institutional and Policy Frameworks for Disaster Risk Management in
Existing institutional and policy framework for disaster management ; Mechanisms for
emergency relief and crisis management in Nigeria; Evacuation, rehabilitation and recovery procedures; Preparation of recovery plan and its implementation; Key players in disaster management – NEMA, SEMAs, LEMAs, communities, media, NGOs, international
development partners; National Disaster Management Policy: Nationaldisaster management framework; Disaster management coordination, collaboration and networking; Role of cognate agencies – National Space Development Agency, National Centre for Remote Sensing, Fire services, FRSC, etc .
DRM 531: Project work6 Credit Unit
Each student will be required to write a terminal project on a topic of choice under the
supervision of a competent expert before graduation. The outcome of the project will be
presented before internal examiners for assessment. All students must pass the oral
examination as a condition for graduating.
M.Sc. PROGRAMME IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL
Students specializing in environmental pollution control must take EMC 661 and 662 whereas
students specializing in environmental management must take 2 courses from the electives other than EMC 661 and 662.
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 611||Overview of Environmental Systems and Environmental Management System||2|
|EMC 621||Pollution Control and Soil Conservation Methods||2|
|EMC 641||Principles of Environmental Management, Monitoring and Control Technique||2|
|EMC 615||Environmental Chemistry, Air and Water Quality||2|
|PGC 601||Research Methodology and Application of ICT in Research||2|
|EMC 619||Waste Management||2|
|EMC 661||Statistics and mathematics for Environmental Studies||2|
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 653||Climate Change and Management Options (re-titled)||2|
|EMC 627||Environmental Psychology and Policy Studies||2|
|EMC 651||Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainability Studies||2|
|EMC 652||Environmental epidemiology and Ecological Risk Management 2||2|
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 631||Environmental Law||2|
|EMC 613||Land Use, Rural and Urban Planning||2|
|EMC 645||Geographic Information Systems||2|
|EMC 662||Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation||2|
|EMC 561||Occupational Health and Safety||2|
|EMC 633||Environmental Economics||2|
EMC 611: Overview of Environmental Systems and Environmental Management System
Overview of environmental systems; concept of environmental systems; habitat and food chain
as systems; man’s relationship with the ecosystem; aquatic system; terrestrial systems: the planet as a system; urban environmental system – physical, social, economic; the rural environment,; environment/development imbalance; factors that influence changes in the environmental systems; natural environmental systems; geographical systems; atmospheric systems; hydrological systems.; Approaches to environmental management; management of geographical, atmospheric and hydrological systems. Economics and management of environmental qualities. Environmental ethics, the role of government in environmental management systems; the public and environmental management systems, cultural management approaches to environmental systems; Introduction to air, soil and water pollution – types, sources and impacts. Preventive systems. Control systems at source; collection, transportation and processing strategies. End of pipe versus proactive systems. Processes and kinetics of waste treatment technologies. Residue processing and disposal systems. On-site and off-site systems. Design of elementary engineering systems.
EMC 613: Land Use, Rural and Urban Planning
The nature of land use; land use change; urban, rural, land use planning; land use, analysis and
plan preparations; land use regulations; types and procedures. endowment and resources: natural, technological and human; problems and constraints to development; resource inventories, resource management techniques; public control over land use, policies and issues; urbanization and land use; the city as an integrated system of human environment; urban land resource allocation problems; urban growth management problems; management of new and expanding towns; issues on rural settlement; rural land use studies; rural settlement: forms, structure and growth patterns; migration and rural population dynamics.
EMC 615: Environmental Chemistry, Air and Water Quality Management
Environmental pollution associated with crude oil prospecting, drilling, transportation, storage
and refining; pollution associated with coal mining: combustion, carbonization and processing;
pollution associated with the manufacture and use of agrochemicals; land, water and air pollution emanating from chemical industries such as cement, beer and beverages, tanning and leather, dyes and pigments, pulp and paper, plastics, iron and steel, etc.; composition of the atmosphere; atmospheric structure; chemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere; types of air pollution, effects, monitoring and control; greenhouse effects/global warming; depletion of ozone layer; climate change; air quality management and air quality index (AQI); water quality management; water pollutants, their sources and effects; water chemistry and analysis; design of water treatment plant; design of waste water treatment plant; water quality parameters and standards; water quality index (WQI) employed in the assessment of water quality and its limitations.
EMC 619: Waste Management
Classification of wastes; chemical assessment of wastes; Management of hazardous wastes;
urban solid waste management. Contamination of land and water resources through pollutants
from waste materials; E-waste and emerging pollutants; improvement of waste management and disposal. Water and sanitation; management of degradable and non- degradable wastes; sewage and sludge management; waste management facilities. Waste management financing. Private Sector Participation (PSP) and public sector agencies. National policy and framework on waste management. Solid waste management projects and carbon market: concepts of carbon credit and carbon-offset; the role of clean development mechanisms.
EMC 621: Pollution Control and soil Conservation Methods
Physical and natural environment; relationship between development and environment.
Environmental degradation: causes, type and processes. Rural and natural environmental
degradation; urban environmental degradation. Pollution control approach: the concepts of
assimilative capacity and control; modern pollution control technologies. The concept of
monitoring, its processes and techniques. Legal frameworks for environmental pollution control. Processes of pollution assessment, procedure of pollution monitoring. Case studies in global concerns – treaties, agenda, monitoring constraints; evaluation techniques and processes. Trendsin monitoring and evaluation of soil conservation structures and processes. Methods of soil erosion control, predicting amount of soil loss using the universal soil loss equation. Revised universal soil loss equation, Water Erosion Prediction Package (WEPP), applicable in Nigeria. Relationships between soil loss and land productivity. Preparation and presentation of detailed soil loss map of an area as a mini projects.
EMC 652: Environmental Epidemiology and Ecological Risk Management
Microbiological aspects of soil and water resources; fresh water and marine microhabitats.
Sources and types of water pollution: natural and man-made, Nitrates, pesticides and organic
micro- pollutants, odour and taste, iron and manganese etc. Hardness, pathogens alga and algal
toseins. Fadon and radioactivity and problems arising from water treatment, distribution and
home plumbing systems, monitoring and removal of pathogens. Basic principles of
epidemiology; epidemiology of communicable diseases; basic concepts and principles of control of communicable diseases; investigation and management of communicable diseases and epidemics; surveillance of communicable diseases. Definitions and components of natural and man-made environments; air, water and land pollution; causes, consequences and remedies; the problems of waste disposal; soil erosion; floods and other natural catastrophyes; renewable and non-renewable resources; deforestation and desertification; environmental control and land use policy in Nigeria. Quantification of ecological risks using risk indices; Known human carcinogens and incidents leading to their exposure and ways of quantifying carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks
EMC 631: Environmental Law
Legal mechanisms for protection of the environment: water bodies, air pollution, noise control,
waste management, hazardous material and waste. Enforcement of environmental laws: the
executive, statutory agencies and authorities, the judiciary and NGOs. Types of environmental
liabilities: criminal liabilities, civil liabilities, compensating environmental damages, mechanism used, who shall be compensated, who compensates; environmental litigation problems; issues of jurisdiction, locus standi, expert witness, pre-litigation notice, un-due delays, cost of litigation. Sources of international environmental law; customary international law, international conventions, general principles of international law or soft laws, judicial decisions, academiccommentary. Development of international environmental law: 1869-1945 (Bilateral Fisheries Conventions- creation of the UN), 1945-1972 (from creation of the UN – Stockholm conference), 1972-1992 (from Rio- present day). Principles of state co-operation, pre-cautionary principle, polluter-pay principle, no harm rule, principle of common but differentiated responsibility, sustainable development, human right to environmental health. Contemporary issues in international environmental law: ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change, biodiversity, trans-boundary movement of waste. Relevant international institutions in environmental protection: United Nations, the International Court of Justice, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization.
EMC 633: Environmental Economics
Introduction and Evolution of Thinking on Resource and Environmental Economics;
Environmental and Resource Economics – An Overview of Key Concepts and Tools;
Principles of Sustainable Development; Environmental Policy Instruments – Theory; Nigeria
Environmental Problems and Environmental Policies, Institutions, Legislations and Regulations including Pollution Control Legislation, Environmental Laws and Practice in Nigeria – Policy Instrument Practical; Types of Economic and Social Costs of Environmental Pollution in Agriculture; Macroeconomics and the Environment – Trade and the Environment; Environmental Taxation and Fiscal Reform; Economics of Non-Renewable Resources; Case study on Mining especially Oil and Gas in Niger Delta: Depletion and Mechanisms for Rent appropriation; Managing the Global Commons – Climate Change – Mitigation and Adaptation especially in Agriculture focusing on Nigeria; Managing the Commons: Parks Management; Introduction to Valuation and Cost-Benefit Analysis; Measuring Environmental Health Effects; Valuing Health Benefits – How Valuation can be Used to Help Set Environmental Priorities; Contingent Valuation, Hedonic Price Method, Travel Cost Method, Choice Experiments, Replacement Cost and Benefit Transfer Approach; Valuing Productivity Impacts;
Environmental Accounting; Managing the Global Commons: The Role of Carbon Markets; Consideration and priorities in Environmental management including sustainable financing mechanisms for Environmental Management e.g Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES).
EMC 627: Environmental Psychology and Policy Studies
Behaviour, health and environmental stress; human behaviour and environment; children within environment; community mental health and behavioural ecology; disaster policy
implementation; rural psychology; human behaviour and traffic safety; victims of the
environment; losses from natural hazards; risk analysis; advances in environment behaviour and design. Environmental risk perception-subjective risk judgments, values, morality & ethics and emotional reactions to environmental risks; uniqueness of climate change; effects of
environmental stress-noise, crowding, poor housing quality, poor neighborhood quality, traffic
congestion; nature and its health benefits-air quality, physical activity, social cohesion, stress
reduction; children and the natural environments; built environment and the promotion of healthy behavior and well-being; urban environmental quality and the source of stress; environment and quality of life; effect of cues on normative behavior; measurement of environmental behavior; values and environmental behavior; theories that explain environmental behavior- theory of planned behavior, protection motivation theory, the norm activation model; the value-belief- norm theory of environmentalism and goal framing theory; influence of automaticity on environmental behaviour; Strategies for promoting good environmental behavior-changing knowledge, awareness and attitudes. Concepts, processes and methods of planning for environmental quality. Quality of life concepts and decision making practices. Environmental policy analysis and management including an overview of systems theory and information requirement; application of research methodology to planning problems and formation of research designs. Policy application to areas such as environmental planning theory; urban and regional planning; land use analysis; growth management techniques; carrying capacity analysis; political processes in environmental planning; public sector participation; population analysis; future analysis techniques.
EMC 641: Principles of Environmental Management, Monitoring and Control Techniques
Environment/development linkages; environment network analysis; environmental management principles; environmental management steps, tools/techniques; environmental
policy instruments; economic evaluation and analysis of environmental damages; cost estimation, cost/ benefits analysis; preventive measures and processes; social measure for environmental management; environmental ethics; constraints to environmental management; management ofurban environment- urban land use management; management of rural environment; the role of government agencies in environmental management. Introduction to environmental management systems; components of environmental management systems; environmental management systems standards – ISO-14001, Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMSA); pollution abatement and control – command and control measures, market-based initiatives, end-of-pipe solution, etc.; hazardous waste techniques – hazardous waste management technologies, stabilization/solidification, biological treatment techniques, chemical treatment methods, thermal treatment of hazardous waste; EIA as an environmental management tool. Policy making; Environmental Information System; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Renewable resources; Corporate Social Responsibility; Supply Chain Links.
EMC 651: Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainability Studies
Environmental components and indicators; Definition and history of environmental impact assessment (EIA); Relationship between sustainable development and EIA; the costs and benefits of undertaking EIA; EIA as decision making tool; EIA in Global Affairs; Law, Policy and Institutional Arrangements/Legal Requirements for EIA-the EIA act 1992; EIA Process; EIA review meetings. EIA Draft and Final Reports; Current methodologies for the analysis of environmental impacts; Mitigation of environmental impacts and environmental management
plan (EMP), Monitoring, Management and Auditing process post environmental impact
assessment Implementation. Case studies and field trip which may include attending EIA public review meetings. Overview of sustainability concepts and practices and how they are applied in real-world contexts/situations; The three bottom line; Sustainability economics- Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA), Physical dimension of sustainability management (connection between environmental inputs i.e natural resources and outputs i.e energy and their effects on the natural environment); Public policy environment of sustainability management; General and financial management.
PGC 601: Research Methodology and Application of ICT in Research
In-depth research work aimed at acquiring full knowledge and presentations in schorlarly writing
of the concepts, issues, trends in the definition and development of the study area from Africanand Western perspectives. Research design: sample frame, sampling techniques, surveys for
quantitative and qualitative data sets in environmental management research. Multivariate
statistic analysis: analysis of variance, multiple linear regression, canonical correlation, factor
analysis, discriminant analysis, etc. Dissertation and thesis proposals.
Major steps in research: Selection of problem, Literature review, Design, Data collection,
analysis and interpretation, Conclusions. Study of various research designs, Historical, Case
studies, Surveys, Descriptive, Cross sectional, Experimental, etc. Analysis, surveys, and
synthesis of conceptual and philosophical foundations of different disciplines. Identification of
research problems and development of research questions and or hypotheses. Detailed treatment of methods of collecting relevant research data and the format for presenting research results (from designing the table of contents to referencing, bibliography and appendix). Data analysis and result presentation in different disciplines using appropriate analytical tools. Methods of project/dissertation writing. Application of appropriate advanced ICT tools relevant in every discipline for data gathering, analysis and result presentation. Essentials of Spreadsheets, Internet technology, and Internet search engines. All registered Masters Degree students must attend a solution-based interactive workshop to be organized by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.
EMC 645 : Geographic Information Systems
Concepts of spatial information; introduction to information processing; concepts of space and
time; real world: its models and representation. Spatial information theory; geographic
information system (GIS); history of GIS, GIS software architecture, data types and data
structures; data storage, data entry and handling; data quality; query, maintenance and data
analysis; visualization; spatial data transfer and its standard. GIS models and modeling; GIS
applications in environmental management and control.
EMC 653: Climate Change and Management Options –
Definition and Components of Climate, Climate change, Causes of climate change, Impact/effect of climate change. Management option of Climate change: Adaptation Techniques as management option, Tree planting culture etc. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Components and Place of Ozone Layer in Climate Change, Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion. El Niño Southern Oscillation and Global Warming. Theory and Concepts of climate change: Paleclimatology and climate change, abrupt climate change, Ewing and Donn hypothesis, and Some argument to be noted concerning the theory. Pollution; Global Warming; Overpopulation; Natural Resource Depletion; Waste Disposal; Climate Change; Loss of Biodiversity; Deforestation; Ocean Acidification; Ozone Layer Depletion; Acid Rain; Water Pollution; Urban Sprawl; Public Health Issues; Genetic Engineering; Nuclear issues (Nuclear fallout, Nuclear meltdown, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear and radiation accidents, Nuclear safety, High-level radioactive waste management). Priority Issues: Curbing Global warming; Creating the clean energy future; Reviving the world’s Oceans; Defending endangered wildlife and wild places; Protecting our health by preventing pollution; Ensuring safe & sufficient water; Fostering sustainable communities.
EMC 561: Occupational Health and Safety
Introduction to Health Safety and Environment (HSE) in organisational policies; Formulation,
implementation and evaluation of environmental policy initiatives within organisational
environment; Risk assessment: Identification of hazards and exposures; Accident investigation
and reporting; Role of Hygiene in environmental and occupational safety; Emergency
Procedures (Safety signs and evacuation plans); Fire safety; Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE); the role of HSE in the work environment.
EMC 661 Statistics and mathematics for Environmental Studies
Introduction (descriptive and Inferential statistics); collecting data and survey design; (types of
data and sampling methods); interpreting data sets (graphical techniques, measures of central
tendencies, measures of dispersion/variability); probability and sampling distributions (normal
distribution, chi-square distributions, F-distributions, T-distributions); hypothesis testing and
confidence intervals (sample confidence intervals, null and alternate hypothesis, one and two-
sided hypothesis), correlation and regressions (scatterplots, simple linear regression analysis,
analysis of variance, etc.), principal component analysis, cluster analysis; introduction to
statistical packages (e.g. SPSS); Introduction to Vectors analysis; matrices (addition,multiplication, types of matrices, etc.), inverse and determinants of matrices, solutions to systems of linear equations using matrix method, functions, limits and continuity, calculus of one variables: differentiation (first principle, derivatives, types of differentiation, chain rules, Implicit differentiation, higher derivatives), anti-derivatives, integration (Integrals, methods of integration) applications of differentiation and integration, partial differentiation. Statistical and mathematical modeling techniques in environmental science
EMC 662: ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT AND REMEDIATION
Priority Pollutants including persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and emerging pollutants;
common sources of pollutants; transport and fate of pollutants in the environment; investigation of hydrocarbons and heavy metals polluted sites and site assessment reports; conceptual site models; risk based corrective action (RBCA)-determination of risk based screening levels (RBSL) using human health and toxicological standard methods; quantification of uncertainties using deterministic and stochastic approaches; tiered risk approach for enhanced environmental risk management; Several remediation technologies; techniques for selecting appropriate remedial options; post remediation assessment; close out and site restoration. Site visits of hydrocarbon contaminated sites and submission of site assessment reports; field trips to sites undergoing remediation.
EMC 672: Projects – 6 units
M.Sc PROGRAMME IN DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT (MDRM)
|Course Code||Name Of Course||Credit
Fundamentals of Disaster Risk Management
Disaster Risk Management Principles and Practice
Disaster Vulnerability Assessment and Monitoring
Disaster Risk Policy & Advocacy
Public Health in Disaster Management
Remote Sensing and GIS Applications
Community Conflict Resolution
Information and Communication Technology in Disaster Management.
Environmental Risk and Impact Assessment.
Climate Change Adaptation and Disastern Risk Management
Disaster Types & Mitigation Strategy
|Course Code||Name Of Course||Credit
Disaster Logistic Management
Sociology of Disasters
Early Warning Response and Recovery
Disaster and Environmental Management Law
Accounting for Disaster Loss & DRR Framework
Inclusive Planning in Disaster Risk Reduction
Strategic Disaster Management.
Trauma and Mass Causality Management in DisasterUrban and Regional Planning Strategy for Disaster
DRM 610: Fundamentals of Disaster Risk Management
The course is designed to provide the basic conceptual background of disaster management to
the students. The contents include: Basic concepts of hazards, risks, disasters, resilience and
vulnerability; Types RiskManagement; of disaster/ hazards; Various theories Emergency and models and Disaster; Hazards of Hazards; Physical, and Social and economic determinants of vulnerability; Causes of Geophysical, Biological, Hydro-Metrological and technological hazards and disasters. Case studies dealing with (i) Earthquakes (ii) Floods (iii)Droughts (iv) Landslides (v) storms and other natural hazards.
Interplay between hazard and vulnerability factors; The human dimensions of Environmental change; Geologic, climate and Environmental hazards; Disease Epidemics; Mitigating Environmental Degradation; Environmental management; Chemical and industrial
accidents; Oilspill and pollution control.
DRM 611: Disaster RiskManagement Principles and Practice
This course introduces the students to the basics of disaster management. It covers the issues of concepts and definitions; Elements of disaster management; Principles and practice of disaster management; Disaster management implementation; Disaster Mitigation: Hazards
Assessment,Vulnerability Assessment, Risk assessment, Protective measures and public
information; Disaster preparedness; Disaster management plan; Disaster forecasting, early warning andinformation dissemination; Legislations, principles and ethics considered in
effective planning, controlling, coordinating, monitoring and implementing the Disaster Management.
DRM 612: Disaster Vulnerability Assessment and Monitoring
The thrust of this course is to teach the students the basic methods of hazards and risks
identification; methods of determining vulnerability to risks; Tools for assessing and
monitoring disaster; Determinants of community vulnerability to disaster; Qualitative and
quantitative methods of vulnerability assessment; Risk actuary probability theory;
Geoinformationin risk pattern and condition; vulnerability mitigation and prevention
strategies;vulnerability and capability analysis, etc.
DRM 613: Disaster Policy and Advocacy
The aim of this course is to explain the requirements and the challenges of policies formulation
fordisaster management. It will examine: the Nigerian National Policy on Disaster Risk management and disaster Risk Reduction (DRR); Policy formation and implementation strategies; Institutional structure for DRR; Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction programmes into institutional processes; Good governance in disaster management; Fundamentals of volunteerism and advocacy; Civil society and disaster management advocacy; Budgetary requirements and allocation for DRR; Examination of disaster risk policy from bothlegal andgovernance perspectives; Development of risk reduction plans, projects and programmes
DRM 614: Research Seminar
The seminar is designed to enable students prepare their intents for the terminal research.
Students will be encouraged to read a lot of literature materials on disasters occurrence in
Nigeria and they will be guided in the selection of seminar topics close to their everyday
experiences or schedules at work. Each student will present a seminar on the selected topic to
ajury. The presentation of a thesis (DRM 730) proposal will depend upon the fulfillment of
therequirements of seminar
DRM 615: Public Health in Disaster Management
Disaster occurrence has huge implications for public health. The course is designed to teach the students the basic concepts of public health with regards to: Biological and community
health;Epidemiology and biostatistics presentation and summarizing of data; Measures of disease frequency and association; Planning, obstacles to planning and conduct of investigation in disaster situation; Health care planning, priorities and objectives for disaster victims; EconomicEvaluation of health care programmes; Health and Development; Impact of disasters on thehealth of victims; Types of disaster related health problems; Public health management indisaster situation. i.e. Water Sanitation and Hygiene WASH
DRM 616: Remote Sensing and GIS Application in Disaster Management
This course is by teaching and laboratory work and it is designed to inculcate the knowledge of Remote Sensing and its applications to disaster management. The contents include: Various
types and sources of geographic (RS/GIS) data; Data requirements for disaster management;
Information generation for decision-making; Remote sensing applications to disaster management; Use of geo-information techniques to visualize geographic data; Remote sensing
data application to hazard analysis and mapping; Risk and vulnerability assessment using GIS
DRM 617: Information and Communications Technology in Disaster Management
This course is designed to expose students to: The Nexus between information and decision
making; information management concepts and principles; Uses of information technologies in disaster management; Strategies for public awareness generation and civil society engagement; Information for social mobilization and targets group advocacy;
Information monitoring and evaluation of feedbacks for disaster management; Roles of theMedia in disaster information management and public education; Risk communication and thepractice of releasing information to the community; Early warning system and information dissemination
DRM 618: Environmental Risk and Impact Assessment
This course designed to expose students to issues of: Environmental damage assessment; Post
disaster damage assessment on human lives, farm and rangelands etc.; Assessment of economic impacts of disaster; Biological and bio-physical aspects of environmental degradation; post damage degradation remedies, impacts of drought and flood on food production and supply; Policy dimensions to environmental disaster; Disaster cost-benefit analysis; Environmental impact assessment for Disaster Risk Reduction, Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) etc.
DRM 619: Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management
Climate change is a global phenomenon with severe implications for hazard and disaster risk.
This course is designed to introduce the students to the issues of climate change as it affect
disaster occurrence and management. The contents include: Meaning and theory of climate
change; Factors of climate change; Global debate on climate change; Adaptation and mitigation measures for climate variability and change; Risks associated with climatic and environmentalchanges; Climate change impact on natural hazards and underlying risk factors; Polices and measures for reducing the impact of climate change; Integrative framework for risk management; Challenges to the coordination of climate change and disaster risk management; World Conferences on climate and relevance to disaster risk reduction.
DRM 620: Disaster Logistics Management
Introduction to disaster and logistics responses, integrated logistics approach to ware house
management including the role of warehousing within the supply chain, performance metrics
applicable, leadership basics, how to interact with others, logistics managers to optimize overall activity, as well as principles of warehouse location, design, layout, operating functions, and customer service, techniques (transportation model, Assignment model and Linear programing) needed for scheduling, planning and controlling inventories, acquisition, positioning, and management of materials, services and equipment that organizations need to attain their goals. Transportation and distribution in supply chain, basic transport systems, distribution network decisions. Integrated logistics and supply chain of all-mode: maritime logistics, aviation logistics, global ports and logistics facilitation: contemporary issues and challenges, information technology in logistics and supply chain management and environmental logistics.
DRM 621: Sociology of Disasters
The course on sociology of disaster is designed to cover the issues of: Ethnography of
urbanization; Nature and development of human settlement; Ethic and cultural influences on
human settlement’ Anthropology of poverty; Poverty reduction strategies and disaster risk
reduction; Evaluating economic importance of disasters; Theoretical perspectives, research and policy issues in the sociological study of disaster; Cultural, social, economic and political aspects of natural and man-made disasters. Building back better
DRM 622: Early Warning, Response and Recovery
This course aim at exposing the students to theoretical and practical issues in disaster response
and recovery. Students will be taught: Organizing search and rescue operations; Evacuation
types (emergency, forced & voluntary); Simultaneous and stage evacuation strategies;
Evacuations decision making strategies; Evacuation need assessment; Determinants of field
clearance time; Effectiveness of evacuation strategies; Recovery action and operation; Shelter
requirements and strategies; Rehabilitation and reconstruction – Rehabilitation, Restoration of
basic services and functions; Damage inspection, repair and recovery procedures; Building back better Recovery agencies;
DRM 623: Humanitarian Disaster Risk & Environmental Laws
This course is designed to expose the students to the legal aspects of disaster management. It will advance the student’s knowledge of : Legal basis and requirements for disaster management; National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) Act; Environmental protection laws in Nigeria – Environmental Impact Assessment Decree, NESREA Act; National Oil Spill Regulatory Agency, etc; Disaster insurance laws and regulations; Global case studies of disaster management legislations; Global treaties on disaster risk reduction (HyogoFramework of Action); Strategies for disaster law enforcement; Constraints and challenges of enforcing disaster related laws; Role of Human Rights/ Civil liberty organizations in Disaster Management, Humanitarian Laws, DRR Laws, International Laws etc.
DRM 624: Research Methodology
This course is designed to enable the candidates develop the knowledge and skills required to
conduct qualitative and quantitative research in disaster and risk management. The course
contents include: Research definition; Types of research; Problem identification and definition;
Research instruments; Types and Sources of disaster data; Disaster data acquisition processes;
Sample and sampling techniques; Statistical techniques for data analysis; Report writing etc.
DRM 626: Accounting for Disaster Loss & DRR Framework Definition of DesInventar, DesInventar as a disaster information management system (benefits of DesInventar), DesInventar and Sendai Framework, DesInventar methodology, disaster hazard classification (as it affects various forms of Hazards; Hydro meteorological, Biological: Technological etc); definition of basic events in DesInventar; Challenges of disaster information sources; migrating DesInventar to Sendai Framework Format; Practical exercise on the application of DesInventar
DRM 627: Field Work
The course is designed to expose students to field- based exercises in DRM. The components
include a study trip to a chosen location, field survey, data collection, analysis and report writing on locally identified environmental hazard, risks and disasters. Students will be exposed practical field exercises in order to sharpen their skills in DRM.
DRM 628: Planning and Development in Disaster Risk Reduction
The course will define the theory of inclusive planning; explore community based risk reduction principles and strategies. The course contents include: The roles of local institutions in facilitating risk reduction; The use of traditional/indigenous knowledge in hazard and risks
identification and management; Community Disaster Action Plan; Community based techniques in search and rescue; Disaster volunteer corps and their modes of operation; Assessment of the roles of communities in all phases of disaster management; International Best Practice, from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Europe and America.
DRM 629: Strategic Disaster Management Systems
The course focuses on the concept, philosophy of management systems. It also covers
institutional arrangement, international and National coordination architecture, organizational
structures, issues and problems in the formulation of efficient national disaster risk management systems. Also covers environmental management systems standardization and the reviews of natural disaster risk management systems of selected countries. Additional emphasis is on Humanitarian Principles & Values to on-going participatory10development; Disaster fundraising, appeals and the utilization of funding resources; Legal status of refugees; refugee registration, repatriation and reintegration; The United Nations High Commission For Refugee.
DRM 630: Trauma and Mass Causality Management in Disasters
This course will explore crisis and trauma management in support victims of disasters. The
course will consider: General management of crisis; Basic concepts of crisis intermediation and trauma management; Emotional distress of victims of trauma; Management of post-traumatic stress; Action strategies for crisis workers; Coping strategies and management of victims of natural disasters, human made disaster, family and sexual violence etc.
DRM 631: Disaster Types and Mitigation Strategy
Fire disaster is a universal problem of global concern as it affects all nations of the world. This
course is designed to expose the students to problems of fire disaster and management strategies. The contents include: The definition and concept of fire; Types of fire disaster (domestic, forest and rangeland fires); Causes of fire disaster; Fire safety and prevention methods in buildings and residential areas and the general environment Firefighting and control strategies; Fire damage evaluation and assessment; National fire safety code; Fire prevention laws in Nigeria; Challenges in the enforcement of fire codes and laws etc.
DRM 641: Urban and Regional Planning Strategies for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
This course is designed to teach the students Urban and Regional Planning measures for disaster management and risk reduction. The course contents include: Physical development activities and land use; Roles of Urban Planning in community security and DRR; Planning principles and design for DRR; Classification of disaster risk areas; Land use and development control for DRR; Related Town planning laws, regulations and Enforcements for DRR (EIA law, building codes; zoning ordinance; land use standards etc.); Proper Waste management problems in urban areas; Hazards associated with poor waste management; Waste management strategies for DRR.
MASTERS DECOURSE CODEGREE IN CHEMICAL SECURITY MANAGEMENT
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|CSM 610||Hazardous Chemicals||2|
|CSM 611||Fundamentals of Chemical Safety & Security Management||2|
|CSM 624||Personal Reliability & Physical Security||2|
|CSM 628||Regulations and Enforcement for Chemical Security||2|
|CSM 631||Chemical Security Management & Laboratory Practices||2|
|CSM 640||Field Work||2|
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|CSM 615||Chemical Safety Risk & Vulnerability Assessment||2|
|CSM 617||Fundamentals of Chemical Inventory Management System||2|
|PGC 601||Research Methods and Applications of ICT||3|
|CSM 620||Chemical Emergency Response Strategies||2|
|CSM 645||Geographic Information System||2|
|CSM 661||Introduction to statistics and mathematics||2|
CSM 610: Hazardous Chemicals
Chemical compounds; properties of hazardous substances; handling hazardous chemicals; transportation and storage of hazardous chemicals; material safety data sheet of hazardous chemicals; chemical risk assessment; hazardous uses of chemicals for deliberatly causing
mayhem; chemical wastes and their management
CSM 611: Fundamentals of Chemical Safety & Security
Concept of chemical safety and security; Relationship between chemical safety and security; Conflicts between chemical safety and security; Dual-use chemicals egs. (Cyanide, pseudoephedine, pesticides, arsenictrichloride, etc) and international controls, UN security Council Resolution(1540), Chemical Weapon Convention(CWC), Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), OPCW schedule of chemicals (schedule1,2,3 and unscheduled district organic chemicals); Chemical symbols and signs;
CSM 613 Chemical Security Management and Laboratory Practices
Chemical distribution and supply chain; Diversion of industrial laboratory chemicals eg. Sodiumazide widely used in older automobile airbags (1980s -1990s) is poisonous and reacts explosively with metals and has been found in possession of terrorists; What might motivate adversaries for the use of these chemical?; Concepts, fundamentals and best practices for chemical security management (eg. Inventory, procurement, access control, etc; Social engineering; Concept of cyber security; Cyber security surveillance, chemical storage concepts and principles; Chemical storage best practices; Laboratory use of chemicals (Labeling, GHS, SDS, SOP); Principles of good laboratory practices; occupational safety & health for laboratory workers; Laboratory documentations.
CSM 615: Chemical Safety Risk & Vulnerability Assessment
General safety rules; Risk assessment; Risk management; Risk Mitigation; Risk communication; Security vulnerability assessment – Hypothetical security vulnerability assessment; Fundamentals of chemical laboratory safety; Laboratory emergency planning; Response and Management; Chemical disaster emergency management; Accident and incident investigation; Selecting the best PPE for a given laboratory experiment; emergency spill response procedure (for major and minor spills); international cooperation in peaceful use of chemicals; Target identification determine the possible targets for the following actions: Sabotage(identify vital areas to protect). Theft of chemicals. Theft of information (identify location of materials to protect); chemical waste management.
CSM 617: Fundamentals of Chemical Inventory Management Systems(CIMS)
CIMS software walkthrough; inventory setup; searches; audits; changes; application of CIMS in tracking chemicals; CIMS exercise. Label requirements; requirements in transportation of chemicals, Role of chemical suppliers in chemical safety and security – supplier information on Safety Data Sheet (SDS), employee information & training; Employer responsibility. Covers topics on procurement, logistics, and supply chain
management of chemicals of concern.
CSM 620: Chemical Emergency Response Strategies
Emergency response management is aimed at protecting infrastructure and ensuring the public safety in the event of chemical accident and/or chemical terrorism. There is need to develop contingency plans and emergency preparedness for different scenarios that may arise. Part of
this effort also include coordinating the different emergency response agencies such as the government, non-governmental agencies, nonprofit organizations, and first responders such as the fire, police, and military.
NEMA, law enforcement agencies, public health officials, and security agencies may likely be involved and they need to be coordinated and managed to assure cohesiveness in both decision making and the information that is disseminated to the general public. Emergency response
management also delves into issues on how to coordinate relief efforts.
CSM 624: Personal Reliability & Physical Security
Physical security of site; Personnel management; Information security; Management of chemical security activities; Allocation of chemical security responsibilities; Development of emergency plans; Professional behaviors; Chemical security training; Awareness and campaign; Characterization of chemical facility in terms of: Site boundary, Buildings (construction and HVACsystems), Room locations; Access points, processes within the
facility, Existing protection systems ,operating conditions (working hours, off-hours, potential emergencies), safety consideration, types and numbers of employees, Legal and regulatory issues; Chemical security anti-terrorism standards; Good practices for both chemical security and safety.
CSM 628: Regulations and Enforcements for Chemical Security
International regulations–UN Security Council Resolution of 1540; Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)-which Nigeria is signatory to; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Local/National Regulations and enforcement–Nigeria’s Bill on Chemical security (May21,2014) and the effect of the bill; The role of federal, state, local and tribal governments in reducing hazardous chemicals through health and environmental regulations (role of Custom services, NAFDAC, ONSA etc); The authority of NAFDAC and ONSA. Which agency has the authority to check for chemical security in Nigeria? Responsible Care.
PGC 601: Research Methodology and Application of ICT
In-depth research work aimed at acquiring full knowledge and presentations in scholarly writing of the concepts, issues, trends in the definition and development of the study area from African and Western perspectives. Research design: sample frame, sampling techniques,
surveys for quantitative and qualitative data sets in environmental management research. Multivariate statistical analysis: analysis of variance, multiple linear regression, canonical correlation, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, etc. Dissertation and thesis proposals. Major
steps in research: Selection of problem, Literature review, Design, Data collection, analysis and interpretation, Conclusions. Study of various research designs, Historical, Case studies,Surveys, Descriptive, Cross sectional, Experimental, etc. Analysis, surveys, and synthesis of conceptual and philosophical foundations of different disciplines. Identification of research problems and development of research questions and or hypotheses. Detailed treatment of methods of collecting relevant research data and the format for presenting research results (from designing the table of contents to referencing, bibliography and appendix). Data analysis and result presentation in different disciplines using appropriate analytical tools. Methods of project/dissertation writing. Application of appropriate advanced ICT toolsr elevant in every discipline for data gathering, analysis and result presentation. Essentials of Spreadsheets, Internet technology, and Internet search engines. Research Ethics…
Note: All registered Masters Degree students must attend a solution-based interactive workshop to be organized by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.
CSM 632: Reduction and Mitigation Techniques of Chemical Security
Border security; counterterrorism; Counter-improvised Explosive Device (IED) and risk mitigation; Cyber security; Immigration statistics; Preparedness, response and recovery; Strategic planning; overview of terrorist attack cycle; Homemade explosives and precursor
awareness for public safety; protective measures and awareness; Awareness and safety procedures; Bombing prevention awareness, Emergency notification system; Surveillance detection for Law Enforcement and Security Professionals; Bombing treat management
planning, Response to suspicious behaviours & items.
CSM 634: Basics of Information Security
concepts, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)/internet protocol networking, Network security, Cryptography, Securing both clean and corrupted systems, protecting personal data, securing simple computer networks, using the internet safely, cyber attack incident management, incident preparation, incident detection and analysis, containment, eradication, and recovery, proactive and incident cyberservices.
CSM 636: Chemical Waste Management
The focus is on identifying hazardous or toxic chemicals and the pollution they create to the environment. Specifically, the emphasis will be on how to dispose of expired and waste chemicals by following a cradle-to-grave approach. The course will insist on product stewardship. The waste disposal of “chemicals of concern” is discussed especially from the view point of controlling spread and exposure to toxic wastes. Emphasis will also be placed on cleanup of chemical wastes and following best practices to protect the integrity of the environment, infrastructure, and personal security.
Managing wastes from PCB (Polychlorinated Biphenyl) /POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants) will also be an integral part of the course.
CSM 640: Field Work
Interaction with agencies such as the Nigerian Customs, Nigerian Police force, the Army, the Red Cross Society, Federal Road Safety Corps, NAFDAC, SON, ONSA, Export Promotion Council.
CSM 645 : Geographic Information Systems
Concepts of spatial information; introduction to information processing; concepts of space and time; real world: its models and representation. Spatial information theory; geographic information system (GIS); history of GIS, GIS software architecture, data types and data
structures; data storage, data entry and handling; data quality; query, maintenance and data analysis; visualization; spatial data transfer and its standard. GIS models and modeling; GIS applications in environmental management and control.
CSM 661 Statistics and mathematics for Environmental Studies
Introduction (descriptive and Inferential statistics); collecting data and survey design; (types of data and sampling methods); interpreting data sets (graphical techniques, measures of central tendencies, measures of dispersion/variability); probability and sampling distributions (normal
distribution, chi-square distributions, F-distributions, T-distributions); hypothesis testing and confidence intervals (sample confidence intervals, null and alternate hypothesis, one and two-sided hypothesis), correlation and regressions (scatterplots, simple linear regression analysis,
analysis of variance, etc.), principal component analysis, cluster analysis; introduction to statistical packages (e.g. SPSS); Introduction to Vectors analysis; matrices (addition, multiplication, types of matrices, etc.), inverse and determinants of matrices, solutions to systems of linear equations using matrix method, functions, limits and continuity, calculus of one variables: differentiation (first principle, derivatives, types of differentiation, chain rules, Implicit differentiation, higher derivatives), anti-derivatives, integration (Integrals, methods of integration) applications of differentiation and integration, partial differentiation. Statistical and mathematical modeling techniques in environmental science
CSM 680: Research Seminar in Chemical Security Management
Review of related literature in chemical security management. Selection of feasible research topic. Seminar presentation and discussions. The seminar should clearly show the goals, objectives and detailed procedure for carrying out original research.
Ph. D. PROGRAMME
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 711||Advanced Environmental Impact Assessment||2|
|EMC 721||Advanced Environmental Quality Management Systems||2|
|EMC 741||Advanced Research Methods||2|
|EMC 781||Special Topics in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management||3|
|COURSE CODE||COURSE TITLE||UNITS|
|EMC 752||Environmental Politics and Policy||2|
|EMC 791||Global Environmental Challenges||2|
|PGC 794||Environmental Modeling||2|
|EMC 701||Synopsis and Grant Writing||3|
EMC 711: Advanced Environmental Impact Assessment
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Legislations on EIA. Environmental protection and impact assessment policies in the developing and developed countries. Local and international standards on EIA. Environmental impact indicators; case studies in oil sector, industries and transport; Overview of EIA-Sustainable development, evolution of EIA and its benefits, ethical requirement for EIA process; statutory requirements;
Environmental components and sensitivities; the standard EIA process and public involvement; Various levels of public involvement; methods and techniques for consultation required in EIA studies; dispute resolution; impact analysis using current and widely accepted methods; mitigation and impact management; writing EIA reports; public review meetings; expert review of EIA reports on consultancy basis for regulatory bodies; environmental impact statement and how to formulate it. Several field trips in form of trips to public review meetings within the Southeast geopolitical zone and participation in the Centre’s EIA consultancy engagements.
EMC 721: Advanced Environmental Quality Management SystemsNigerian environmental laws; Nigerian Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON) approved analytical methods; quality assurance programme; quality assurance manual; overview of ISO17025 management systems; auditing analytical
services laboratory; introduction to ISO 14001; elements of ISO 14001; implementing ISO 14001; ISO 14001 auditing research laboratories; introduction to ISO 9001/2000; elements of ISO 9001/2; implementing and integrating ISO 9001/2 and ISO 14001. Student industrial field trip and report.
EMC 741: Advanced Research Methods
Note: This course is an advanced form of EMC 643 – Research Methodology in Environmental Management (or its equivalent) and which is a pre-requisite for EMC 741. Statistical models in environmental research; environmental systems indicators; advanced analytical tools; discriminant analysis; canonical correlations; advanced logit models; data analysis and presentations; experimental test research; simulation models.
EMC 761: Environmental Politics and Policy
Environmental policy process , important policy concepts (e.g., risk, regulation, sustainability, environmental justice), Nature and scope of environmental, energy, and natural resource problems; contrasting perspectives on their severity and policy implications; the goals and
strategies of the environmental community and its opponents; public opinion on the environment; scientific, economic, political, and institutional forces that shape policymaking and implementation; approaches to environmental policy analysis; and selected issues in environmental policy both within the Nigeria and globally, fate and future of Climate Change
treaties, Rethinking environmental institutions; and Commodity chains and Environmental changes.
EMC 781: Special Topics in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR); Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA); the role of International Strategy for Disaster Reduction; Disaster Risk Reduction, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Flooding; Erosion; Deforestation and other natural disasters; Management of relief efforts; Disaster Insurance; Climate Change and Disaster Risk
Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
EMC 791: Global Environmental Challenges
Analysis of global environmental issues using case studies in Pollution; Global Warming. Overpopulation; Natural Resource Depletion; Waste Disposal; Climate Change; Loss of Biodiversity; Deforestation; Ocean Acidification; Ozone Layer Depletion; Acid Rain; Water Pollution; Urban Sprawl; Public Health Issues; Genetic Engineering; Nuclear issues (Nuclear
fallout, Nuclear meltdown, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear and radiation accidents, Nuclear safety, High-level radioactive waste management). Analysis of globalenvironmental issues using case studies in Pollution; Global Warming; Overpopulation; Natural Resource Depletion; Waste Disposal; Climate Change; Loss of Biodiversity; Deforestation; Ocean Acidification; Ozone Layer Depletion; Acid Rain; Water Pollution; Urban Sprawl; Public Health Issues; Genetic Engineering; Nuclear issues (Nuclear fallout, Nuclear meltdown, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear and radiation accidents, Nuclear safety, High-level radioactive waste management).
EMC 794: ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING
Statistics; Environmental Project management; Model building; Computer modeling – simulation, Data collection and Design processes; Multi-criteria model; Data Analysis and Interpretation; Research Colloquia.
PGC 701: SYNOPSIS AND GRANT WRITING
Identification of types and nature of grant writing; mining of grants application calls on the internet. Determining appropriate strategy for each grant application. Study of various grant application structures and contents and writing of concept notes, detailed project description,
budgeting and budget defense. Study of sample grant writings in various forms and writing of mock research and other grants. Identification of University of Nigeria synopsis structure and requirements, (Introduction, Methodology and Results). Determining the content of each sub- unit of the synopsis. Steps in writing of synopsis from the Dissertation/Thesis document.
Structural and language issues. Common errors in synopsis writing and strategies for avoiding them. The roles of the student and the supervisor in the production of a synopsis. Writing of mock synopsis. All registered Ph.D students must attend a solution-based interactive workshop to be organized by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and
application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.
EMC 762: Thesis – 12 units